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The Battle for the MigrantsIntroduction of Steamshipping on the North Atlantic and Its Impact on the European Exodus$
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Torsten Feys

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9781927869000

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9781927869000.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 22 October 2019

The Nationalization of American Migration Policies and the Visible Hand of the Shipping Lobby

The Nationalization of American Migration Policies and the Visible Hand of the Shipping Lobby

Chapter:
(p.211) Chapter IV The Nationalization of American Migration Policies and the Visible Hand of the Shipping Lobby
Source:
The Battle for the Migrants
Author(s):

Torsten Feys

Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/liverpool/9781927869000.003.0005

This chapter explores the role of the shipping lobby in shaping American laws that regulated migrant transport, particularly the laws that opposed and attempted to suppress immigration. It seeks to determine the lengths shipping companies would go to in order to ensure the right of entry of as many passengers as possible. It examines the American Civil War and the labour shortage and necessary encouragement of migration that resulted from it; immigration as a federal issue; the shrink in tolerance of immigration amongst xenophobic American labour unions; the calls for immigration restrictions and the improvements to their enforcement; the system of remote border control; migration as a lobby issue; and lobby campaigns both for and against immigration. It concludes that the shipping lobby was harshly divided along the lines of nationalist interests.

Keywords:   American Civil War, Maritime Labour, American Labour Unions, Immigration Laws, American Border Control, American Xenophobia

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