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Sons and Lovers: The Biography of a Novel$
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Neil Roberts

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781942954187

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9781942954187.001.0001

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Epilogue, 1912–1913

Epilogue, 1912–1913

(p.159) 8 Epilogue, 1912–1913
Sons and Lovers: The Biography of a Novel

Neil Roberts

Liverpool University Press

Lawrence's mentor Edward Garnett, who had brokered publication with Duckworth, cut the manuscript by about ten per cent. This weakened the role of Paul's brother William, which justifies the plural of the title and reinforces the thematic emphasis on Oedipal relationships. The complete text was eventually restored by Cambridge University Press in 1992. In March 1913 Lawrence sent Jessie the proofs with an accompanying letter. She returned the letter, the final act of their association. She had written an autobiographical novel of her own, The Rathe Primrose, which Lawrence read and admired, but which she subsequently destroyed, together with all his letters to her. Despite this she retained a detailed memory of what he had written, with the result that her remembered versions are printed in the Letters of D.H. Lawrence. After his death she wrote a vivid and deeply moving memoir, D.H. Lawrence, A Personal Record. We owe to her an unforgettable image of the delightful young genius she had loved, but she had little sympathy for the great and conflicted writer that he became. Sons and Lovers was published in May 1913 to largely favourable reviews.

Keywords:   Edward Garnett, cuts to manuscript, complete text, Jessie Chambers, ‘The Rathe Primrose’, D.H. Lawrence: A Personal Record, reviews

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